Archive for the Category: Conflicts

Ecology, Politics and Violent Conflict

Ecology, Politics and Violent Conflict by Dr Mohamed Suliman It was the year 1998. The famine in southern Sudan was threatening the lives of more than half a million people, especially in Bahr El Ghazal Province. The famine provoked a serious debate about its causes. Most commentators in the United Kingdom accused the war of […]

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War in Darfur

WARFARE IN DARFUR The Desert versus the Oasis Syndrome By Dr Mohamed Suliman, 1993 (this is a historical background paper on the war in Darfur published by the author in 1994 and can be found in full in the book ‘Environmental Degradation as a Cause War’ Ruegger Verlag, 1996) 1. The Environment: A new dimension […]

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CIVIL WAR IN SUDAN: The Impact of Ecological Degradation December 1992 Centre for Security Studies and Conflict Research Swiss Peace Foundation

CIVIL WAR IN SUDAN: The Impact of Ecological Degradation December 1992   Background Since the firing of the first bullet in 1983, the re-appearance of war between Northern and Southern Sudan has generally been interpreted as a typical ethno-religious conflict deriving from differences between Muslims and Christians, or Arabs and Africans. While this categorisation had […]

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The Borana and Fur Conflicts: Similar Features, Different Outcomes

The Borana and Fur Conflicts: Similar Features, Different Outcomes   The relatively tranquil settings of the Jebel Mara massive in northern Darfur in western Sudan and the Boran area in southern Ethiopia were profoundly disrupted during the 1980s by prolonged drought, which had persisted with minor interruptions, since 1967. In the past, when faced with […]

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The Inversion of ETHNICITY FROM PERCEPTION TO CAUSE OF VIOLENT CONFLICTS: THE CASE OF THE FUR AND NUBA CONFLICTS IN WESTERN SUDAN

The Inversion  of  ETHNICITY FROM PERCEPTION TO CAUSE OF VIOLENT CONFLICTS: THE CASE OF THE FUR AND NUBA CONFLICTS IN WESTERN SUDAN Bern July 8-11 1997 By Dr Mohamed Suliman Institute For African Alternatives (IFAA) London – UK   Most violent conflicts are over material resources, whether these resources are actual or perceived. With the […]

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The Nuba conflict in the Sudan

Dr. Mohamed Suliman Chairman, Institute for African Alternatives, London Resource access, identity and armed conflict in the Nuba Mountains Abstract: Since 1987, a violent conflict between the Nuba people of southern Kordofan and government forces supported by indigenous Arab Baggara has been raging in the Nuba Mountains. The armed conflict has brought great misery to […]

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The Horn of Turbulence: Identifying the Root Causes of Conflict and the Appropriate Instruments for Peace Building as a Precondition for Sustainable Conflict Resolution.

The Horn of Turbulence: Identifying the Root Causes of Conflict and the Appropriate Instruments for Peace Building as a Precondition for Sustainable Conflict Resolution. Axel Klein, Institute for African Alternatives. “Resource Scarcity and Conflict Management in the Horn of Africa” A Research Project organised by the Institute For African Alternatives (IFAA), UK and funded by […]

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Oil and the Civil War in the Sudan by Dr Mohamed Suliman

Oil and the Civil War in the Sudan First let me take you back to the year 1998. The famine in southern Sudan was threatening the lives of more than half a million people, especially in Bahr El Ghazal Province. The famine provoked a serious debate into its causes. Most commentators in the United Kingdom […]

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18 Years of Civil War in the Sudan by Dr Mohamed Suliman

18 Years of Civil War in the Sudan Prelude In 1992, Prof. Spillmann invited me to give a talk here in Zurich about the civil war in the Sudan. Almost 10 years later, he has asked me to do the same again. Unfortunately, most of the problems we explored then are still with us today […]

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Politics, Conflict and Conflict Resolution in the Horn of Africa:

Politics, Conflict and Conflict Resolution in the Horn of Africa: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan. By Dr. Axel Klein, IFAA Introduction In response to the deteriorating political situation across the African continent, the Institute For African Alternatives has sought to keep researchers and professionals working in Africa abreast of developments with an annual review on […]

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